BPSC mains exam pattern and syllabus

To excel in BPSC Mains examination, you should have a sound idea of the BPSC mains exam pattern and syllabus. If you thoroughly know the exam-pattern and the syllabus then you can direct your preparation strategy in the best direction and achieve your goal easily.

Here, in this article, we have compiled all the necessary information regarding BPSC mains exam pattern and syllabus that will help you to have best preparation strategy for the exam. For updates always check BPSC website.

So, Lets start….

BPSC PCS Selection Procedure

  • As per BPSC PCS 2020 notification: prelims and mains exam will be conducted offline across the state.
  • The BPSC PCS selection procedure has 3 stages:
    1. Prelims (objective & MCQ)
    2.  Mains (Written)
    3. Personality Test (Interview)

BPSC Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Note: The candidates are called for the BPSC main exam only if they qualify in the BPSC Prelims Exam and secure the required cut-off marks as decided by the Commission.

  • Candidates have to qualify in सामान्य हिंदी.
  • Questions of General Studies and Optional are available in Hindi and English both.
  • The score will be arrived at by considering the total of 900 marks in GS Paper-1, GS Paper-2 and Optional Paper. The candidates who are placed suitably in the merit are called for the interview.
  • Now, the BPSC Main Exam will have a qualifying paper सामान्य हिंदी.
  • Apart from this, there will be General Studies Paper-1 and General Studies Paper-2 carrying 300 marks each.
  • There will be an Optional Paper that the candidate has chosen earlier while filling the Application Form. The Optional Paper carries 300 marks. To view the list of the 34 Optional Subjects, Click Here

Personality Test (Interview)

  • Candidates who qualify the BPSC Main Exam are called for the final stage of the exam i.e. Interview.
  • The interview carries 120 marks.
  • The final merit list will be prepared out of 1020 marks (900 for Mains + 120 for Interview).
  • Interview judges the personality aspect of the candidates.
  • The members of the Interview Board want to know the administrative aptitude and decision-making ability of the candidates through interview.
  • After the interviews, comes the final BPSC result.

BPSC Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus

सामान्य हिंदी (Qualifying Paper)  

  • दिये हुए गद्य खण्ड का अवबोध एवं प्रश्नोत्तर।
  •  संक्षेपण।
  • सरकारी एवं अर्धसरकारी पत्र लेखन, तार लेखन, कार्यालय आदेश, अधिसूचना, परिपत्र।
  • शब्द ज्ञान एवं प्रयोग।
  •  उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय प्रयोग,
  • विलोम शब्द, 
  • वाक्यांश के लिए एकशब्द,
  • वर्तनी एवं वाक्य शुद्धि,
  • लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे।


NOTE: Out of the 100 marks, candidates are required to secure the qualifying marks in the paper.

General Studies Paper – I

  1. Modern History of India and Indian culture.
  2. Current events of national and international importance.
  3. Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams.
  • Modern History of India and Indian Culture will cover the broad history of the country (with special reference to Bihar) from about the middle of nineteenth century.
  • The modern history of Bihar will include questions on the introduction and expansion of western education (including technical education).
  • It will also have questions on Bihar’s role in the freedom struggle of India.
  • Questions will relate to the Santhal Uprising, 1857 in Bihar, Birsa movement, Champaran Satyagraha and the Quit India Movement 1942.
  • A knowledge of the chief features of Mauryan and Pal art and Patna Qulam painting will be expected from the examinees.
  • It would also include questions or Gandhi, Tagore and Nehru.
  • The part relating to statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams will include exercises to test the candidate’s ability to draw common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical, graphical or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.

General Studies Paper – II

  1. Indian Polity:
  2. Indian economy and Geography of India;
  3. The role and impact of science and technology in the development of India.
  • the part relating to Indian Polity, will include questions on the political system in India including Bihar.
  • In the part pertaining to the Indian Economy and Geography of India, questions will be put on planning in India and the physical, economic and social geography of India and Bihar.
  • In the third part relating to the role and impact of science and technology in the development of India, questions will be asked to test the candidate’s awareness of the role and impact of science and technology in India and Bihar Emphasis will be on applied aspects.


Optional Paper

For Optional Paper, a candidate is required to choose any one subject. This paper will be of 300 marks and it will have a time limit of 3 hours. There are 34 Optional subjects to choose from in the Main exam.


NOTE: The syllabus of the Optional Paper will be same as that of the Three-Year Honours Paper of the respective subject of Patna University. Here is the list of the Optional Subjects: