Skip to content
UPPSC mains exam pattern and syllabus

To excel in UPPSC Mains examination, you should have a sound idea of the UPPSC mains exam pattern and syllabus. If you thoroughly know the exam-pattern and the syllabus then you can direct your preparation strategy in the best direction and achieve your goal easily.

Here, in this article, we have compiled all the necessary information regarding UPPSC mains exam pattern and syllabus that will help you to have best preparation strategy for the exam. For updates always check UPPSC website.

So, Lets start….

UPPSC PCS Selection Procedure

  • As per UPPSC PCS 2020 notification: prelims and mains exam will be conducted offline across the state.
  • The UPPSC PCS selection procedure has 3 stages:
    1. Prelims (objective & MCQ)
    2.  Mains (Written)
    3. Personality Test (Interview)

UPPSC Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Note: The candidates are called for the UPPSC main exam only if they qualify in the UPPSC Prelims Exam and secure the required cut-off marks as decided by the Commission.

  • The Written examination will consist of the compulsory and optional subjects.
  • A candidate shall be required to obtain such minimum marks in the compulsory paper of सामान्य हिंदी , as may be determined by the Government or the Commission, as the case may be.
  • There will be an Essay Paper of 150 marks.
  • Questions of General Studies and Optional are available in Hindi and English both.
  • The candidates have to select any one subject from the list of Optional subjects for mains examination which will consist of two papers.
  • The score will be arrived at by considering the total of 1350 marks in Essay, GS Paper-1, GS Paper-2, GS Paper-3, GS Paper-4, Optional Paper-1 and Optional Paper-2.
  • To view the list of the 29 Optional Subjects, its been given below.
  • There shall be Two sections in all the question papers of Optional subject and each section will include Four questions. Candidates are required to answer only Five questions while they must select minimum Two questions from each section.
  • The candidates who are placed suitably in the merit are called for the interview.
Sr. No: Paper Name Marks Time Duration
1.

सामान्य हिंदी  (Qualifying)

150
3 Hours
2.
Essay
150
3 Hours
3.
General Studies – I
200
3 Hours
4.
General Studies – II
200
3 Hours
5.
General Studies – III
200
3 Hours
6.
General Studies – IV
200
3 Hours
7.
Optional Subject – Paper I
200
3 Hours
8.
Optional Subject – Paper II
200
3 Hours

Personality Test (Interview)

  • The Personality Test (VIVA-VOCE) will constitute of 100 marks.
  • The test will relate to the matter of general interest keeping the matter of academic interest in view and for general awareness, intelligence, character, expression power/personality, general suitability for the service, some general knowledge questions and current topics.
  • UPPSC Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus

UPPSC Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus

सामान्य हिंदी (Qualifying Paper)  

  • दिये हुए गद्य खण्ड का अवबोध एवं प्रश्नोत्तर।
  •  संक्षेपण।
  • सरकारी एवं अर्धसरकारी पत्र लेखन, तार लेखन, कार्यालय आदेश, अधिसूचना, परिपत्र।
  • शब्द ज्ञान एवं प्रयोग।
  •  उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय प्रयोग,
  • विलोम शब्द, 
  • वाक्यांश के लिए एकशब्द,
  • वर्तनी एवं वाक्य शुद्धि,
  • लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे।

 

NOTE: General Hindi is a Qualifying Paper. A candidate shall be required to obtain such minimum marks in the compulsory paper of General Hindi, as may be determined by the Government or the Commission, as the case may be in the UPPSC Mains General Studies Syllabus.

 

 

Essay

  • There will be three sections in the question paper of Essay. Candidates will have to select one topic from each section and they are required to write essay in 700 words on each topic.
  • In the three sections, topics of essay will be based on following sphere:

 

Section A

    1. Literature and Culture.
    2. Social sphere.
    3. Political sphere.

 

Section B

    1. Science, Environment and Technology.
    2. Economic Sphere.
    3. Agriculture, Industry and Trade.

 

Section C

    1. National and International Events.
    2. Natural Calamities, Land slide, Earthquake, Deluge, Drought etc.
    3. National Development programmes and projects.

General Studies Paper – I

  1. History of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  2. Modern Indian history (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities and issues, etc.
  3. The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.).
  5. History of the world will include events from 18th century to middle of the 20th century such as French revolution of 1789, industrial revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effect on the society.
  6. Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
  7. Role of Women in society and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  8. Meaning of liberalization, privatization and globalization and their effects on economy, polity and social structure.
  9. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism u0026amp; secularism.
  10. Distribution of major natural resources of World- Water, Soils, Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
  11. Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds and glaciers.
  12. Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
  13. Human migration-refugee problem of the World with focus on India.
  14. Frontiers and boundaries with reference to Indian sub-continent.
  15. Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.
  16. Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh – History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival, Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs and Tourism.
  17. Specific knowledge of U.P.- Geography – Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation.

General Studies Paper – II

  1. Indian Constitution. historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basis structure, Role of Supreme Court in evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  3. Role of Finance Commission in Centre. State financial relations.
  4. Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
  5. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic countries.
  6. Parliament and State legislatures. structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers and privileges and concerned issues.
  7. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
  8. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  9. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions and their responsibilities.
  10. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features and functioning.
  11. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation and Information Communication Technology (ICT).
  12. Development processes. the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  13. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  14. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger, their implication on body politic.
  16. Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters and institutional measures.
  17. Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends.
  18. India and its relationship with neighbouring Countries.
  19. Bilateral, Regional and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India’s interest.
  20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests. Indian diaspora.
  21. Important International Institutions, Agencies their structure, mandate and functioning.
  22. Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue and Judicial System.
  23. Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National and International importance.

General Studies Paper – III

  1. Economic planning in India, objectives and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s).
  2. Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice and inclusive growth.
  3. Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.
  4. Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  5. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System. objectives, functioning, Limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, Technology missions in agriculture.
  6. Food processing and related industries in India. scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  7. Land reforms in India since independence.
  8. Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  10. Science and Technology developments and applications in everyday life and in National Security, India’s Science and Technology policy.
  11. Achievements of Indians in science u0026amp; technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of New technologies, transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.
  12. Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, Nano-technology, microbiology, biotechnology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.
  13. Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wild life, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment,
  14. Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.
  15. Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, role of media and social networking, Basics of cyber security, money laundering and human trafficking.
  16. India’s internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency and organized crimes.
  17. Role, kind and mandate of security forces, Higher defense organizations in India.
  18. Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy: . Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development. Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
  19. Issues in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry.
  20.  Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to U.P.

General Studies Paper – IV

  1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators, role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  2. Attitude: Content, structure, function, its influence and relation with thought and behaviour,
  3. moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion.
  4.  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  5. Emotional Intelligence: concept and dimensions, its utility and application in administration and governance.
  6. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  7. Public/Civil Service values and ethics in Public Administration: status and problems, ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance.
  8. Probity in Governance: concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government. Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’s charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  9.  Case studies on above issues.

Optional Paper

As per, UPPSC Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus – For Optional Paper, a candidate is required to choose any one subject amongst the given list of the subjects. This paper will be of 200 marks/Section and it will have a time limit of 3 hours. There are 29 Optional subjects to choose from in the Mains exam, to know more about each subject please click on the name of the subject.

 

NOTE: There shall be Two sections in all the question papers of Optional subject and each section will include Four questions. Candidates are required to answer only Five questions while they must select minimum Two questions from each section.

Sr. No: List of optional Subjects

1.

Agriculture

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Anthropology

2.

Botany

Chemistry

 Civil Engineering 

3.

Commerce and Accountancy

 Economics

 Electrical Engineering

4.

Geography

Geology

History

5.

Law

Management

Mathematics

6.

Mechanical Engineering

Medical Science

Philosophy

7.

 Physics

Political Science and International Relations

Psychology

8.

Public Administration

Sociology

Statistics

9.

 Zoology

Hindi Language and Literature

English Language and Literature

10.

Sanskrit Language and Literature

Urdu Language and Literature